March dates in Virginia history
March 5, 1963
Noted country music vocalist and Virginia native, Patsy
Cline, dies in an airplane crash in Tennessee. She is buried at
Shenandoah Memorial Park in Winchester.
March 7, 1956
In an attempt to circumvent the Supreme Court's
desegregation ruling, a constitutional convention in Virginia amends the
state's laws to permit the payment of public funds for tuition to
parents who send their children to private, segregated schools.
March 9, 1862
The first battle of ironclad ships takes place in the
waterways of Hampton Roads when the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia
(Merrimac) engage in a five-hour fight that ends in a draw.
March 12, 1612
England's King James I issues the third charter of the
Virginia Company of London. This charter remained in force until May
1624, when the company was dissolved and Virginia became a royal colony.
March 12, 1956
In response to the 1954 Brown v. Board decision, 101
southern members of Congress draft the Declaration of Constitutional
Principles, popularly known as the "Southern Manifesto," pledging to
"use all lawful means to bring about a reversal of this decision which
is contrary to the Constitution and to prevent the use of force in its
March 16, 1751
James Madison is born near Port Conway in King George
County. Madison served as the fourth president of the United States and
was the primary author of the U.S. Constitution.
March 16, 1861
Texas governor Sam Houston is removed from office for
refusing to take the Confederate oath of allegiance. Robert E. Lee, a
U.S. Army officer stationed in Texas, is ordered out of the state after
its secession. Houston and Lee are both native Virginians.
March 21, 1617
Pocahontas dies while visiting England. She became ill
as her ship left London for Virginia, and she died of an unknown
illness. She is buried at St. George's Church in Gravesend.
March 22, 1622
Powhatan Native Americans stage an uprising on Good Friday in which more than 300 English settlers are killed.
March 23, 1775
Patrick Henry delivers his famous speech "Give me
liberty or give me death" at Henrico Parish, now named St. John's Church, in Richmond.
March 23-24, 1849
Henry "Box" Brown, a Virginia slave, escapes from
Richmond to Philadelphia by mailing himself in a shipping crate. In a
trip that lasted twenty-six hours, Brown was transported by train, boat,
March 29, 1901
Fire levels much of the Jefferson Hotel in Richmond. It
is not fully refurbished until 1907.
March 30, 1791
President George Washington issues a proclamation to
establish a permanent seat for the U.S. government on the Potomac River,
on land ceded by both Virginia and Maryland. The nation's new capital
site is called the District of Columbia.
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