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The Memorial Military Murals by Charles Hoffbauer

The Cavalry (Autumn) MuralBeautiful and inspiring, the Memorial Military Murals were commissioned by the Confederate Memorial Association and painted by French artist Charles Hoffbauer between 1913 and 1920. For nearly a century, they were referred to as "The Four Seasons of the Confederacy," but recent research suggests that the artist intended each to be a tribute to the major branches of Confederate military service.

Andrew Talkov

Andrew Talkov, Vice President for Programs

The Memorial Military Murals by Charles Hoffbauer are an American treasure because they are one of the best examples of how elements of the United States population overcame the pain and destruction of our bloodiest conflict.

In 2011, the Virginia Historical Society began conservation work on the Memorial Military Murals with funding received from Save America's Treasures, a partnership between the National Endowment for the Arts and the National Park Service, Department of the Interior. Important cleaning and conservation work began in June 2011 and was completed in June 2014. Additional work to renovate the gallery space began in June 2014 and was completed in May 2015.

Visit the VHS to view the splendor of these murals in person.

Charles Hoffbauer (2003.298.23.A) Enter Fullscreen More information
Charles Hoffbauer (2003.298.23.A)
French artist Charles Hoffbauer created the Memorial Military Murals between 1913 and 1920.
The Cavalry (Autumn) Mural Enter Fullscreen More information
The Cavalry (Autumn) Mural
With the oranges and yellows of autumn, this mural depicts Confederate cavalry commander James Ewell Brown Stuart waving his signature plumed hat in the air and leading his cavalry in a mounted charge.
An early version of the Artillery (Winter) mural Enter Fullscreen More information
An early version of the Artillery (Winter) mural
In an early and unfinished version of the Artillery (Winter) Mural, Hoffbauer included the fallen Confederate soldier at the lower-left. This same soldier eventually appeared in the lower-left corner of the Cavalry mural, but in a Union uniform.
Detail  of the Artillery (Winter) Mural Enter Fullscreen More information
Detail of the Artillery (Winter) Mural
Charles Hoffbauer would have been familiar with the struggles of horses to pull artillery pieces through snow and mud after his experience on the Western Front during World War I. He liked used his experience as inspiration for the Artillery (Winter) Mural.
Detail of Edward Virginius Valentine from the Hospital Train Mural Enter Fullscreen More information
Detail of Edward Virginius Valentine from the Hospital Train Mural
The model for the man shown wearing a hat was well-known Richmond sculptor Edward Virginius Valentine, one-time president of the Virginia Historical Society.
The Hospital Train Mural Enter Fullscreen More information
The Hospital Train Mural
The Hospital Train Mural shows the arrival of Confederate wounded at an unidentified Virginia railroad station.
Charles Hoffbauer (2003.298.23.A)
Charles Hoffbauer (2003.298.23.A)
The Cavalry (Autumn) Mural
The Cavalry (Autumn) Mural
An early version of the Artillery (Winter) mural
An early version of the Artillery (Winter)
Detail  of the Artillery (Winter) Mural
Detail of the Artillery (Winter) Mural
Detail of Edward Virginius Valentine from the Hospital Train Mural
Detail of Edward Virginius Valentine from
The Hospital Train Mural
The Hospital Train Mural

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